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Trademark Registration in Turkey: What You Need to Know

Why do you need to register trademark in Turkey? With a population of over 85 million people, Turkey is a rapidly growing market with vast opportunities for businesses. The country’s strategic location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it an ideal hub for international trade and commerce. In recent years, there has been a significant increase in foreign investors and entrepreneurs entering the Turkish market. 


Many companies opt for trademark registration in Turkey to protect their brand and secure their commercial interests. This article will explore the entire trademark registration process, including the requirements, documents, and fees.



1. What can be registered as a trademark in Turkey?

2. Why can you be refused to register a trademark in Turkey?

3. The process of trademark registration in Turkey

4. Documents required for registering a trademark in Turkey

5. Trademark opposition process in Turkey

6. Costs of trademark registration in Turkey

7. Final thoughts

1. What can be registered as a trademark in Turkey?


In Turkey, trademarks must be unique and distinguishable from those of other companies and must not violate public order or morality. 


The following items can be registered as trademarks in Turkey: 

  • words and slogans, 
  • graphics and illustrations, 
  • colors, 
  • product or packaging shapes, 
  • sounds, 
  • scents, 
  • holograms,
  • combinations of the above.


You must correctly classify the goods and services associated with the trademark to register it successfully. This classification is based on the International Classification of Goods and Services, ensuring uniformity in trademark registration worldwide.


You can also file a multi-class trademark application to register multiple classes of goods and services under a single trademark. You will be charged an extra fee for each additional class.

2. Why can you be refused to register a trademark in Turkey?


In Turkey, trademark registration may be denied for either absolute or relative reasons. Absolute reasons stem from objective criteria, while relative grounds examine the possibility of confusion with an existing trademark. So, before applying, it’s worth searching for the trademark in the Turkey trademark database.


Relative reasons for rejection of registering a trademark include

  • Similarity to an already registered or applied for trademark for similar goods/services;
  • Similarity to a well-known trademark for similar goods/services;
  • Infringement of an existing trademark, regardless of goods/services similarity;
  • Similarity to a recently expired collective/guarantee trademark;
  • Application filed in bad faith after opposition;
  • Similarity to a recently expired registered trademark that was used in the last two years. (This may be rejected if the previous owner files an opposition).


Absolute reasons for the refusal can be the following:

  • Trademarks that lack uniqueness or distinctiveness;
  • Marks that are only used to identify the type, quality, characteristics, quantity, purpose, value, location or time of production of goods or services or other characteristics;
  • Marks that are commonly used in commerce or are used to distinguish a particular group of professionals or businesses;
  • Marks that are only based on the appearance of the goods or their essential features;
  • Marks that mislead the public about the nature, quality, or location of goods or services;
  • Marks containing cultural or historical values, symbols, or emblems that do not have the consent of the relevant authority;
  • Religious symbols;
  • Marks that go against public order or morality;
  • Marks that include or are based on a registered geographical mark;
  • Marks that use the name, trade name, photo, or intellectual property of another person.

3. The process of trademark registration in Turkey


The registration of a trademark in Turkey includes trademark search, application, examination, opposition, and issuance of the certificate.


Before filing a trademark application, conducting a comprehensive Turkey trademark search is recommended to assess the desired trademark’s availability. This step helps to avoid potential conflicts or objections during the registration process and minimize the risk of the application being rejected. 


Next, you must file an application with the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office (TPTO). The application must include the desired trademark and a description of the goods and services it covers, according to the International Classification of Goods and Services. Make sure the application is complete and accurate, as any errors or omissions can result in delays or rejection of the application.


Once the application is filed, it undergoes examination by the TPTO to ensure that it meets the legal requirements and does not conflict with existing trademarks. The Office may request additional information or clarification from the applicant or raise objections if there are any issues with the application.


If the TPTO accepts the trademark, it will be published in the Official Trademark Bulletin. This allows other parties to file an opposition to the registration if they believe that the trademark conflicts with their trademark rights. The opposition period lasts for two months from the date of publication. If an opposition is filed, it must be resolved through negotiation or a formal hearing before the Patent and Trademark Office in Turkey. If it is not resolved, the trademark will not be registered.


If no one files an opposition, or if the applicant wins, the trademark will be registered, and the applicant will get a certificate of registration. The certificate serves as proof of ownership of the trademark and provides legal protection for the trademark owner. 


The Turkey trademark registration is valid for 10 years and can be renewed indefinitely, provided the trademark remains in use and the renewal fee is paid.

4. Documents required for the registration of a trademark in Turkey


The necessary documents for trademark registration in Turkey vary depending on the applicant type and the trademark application’s specifics. However, typically, the following documents are required:

  • A completed trademark application form, which should include a description of the trademark and the goods or services you will use;
  • Payment of the required fees, including the application fee and any additional fees for multiple classes;
  • Copy of the priority document (if applicable).


All documents should be in Turkish. No power of attorney is usually required. You must submit a certified copy of the priority document and its translation into Turkish within 3 months of the submission. Convention priority is 6 months.

5. Trademark opposition process in Turkey


The opposition process in Turkey is a way for third parties to challenge the registration of a trademark that they believe conflicts with their trademark rights. 


The opposition period lasts for two months from the publication date. During this period, third parties can file an opposition with the TPTO. For example, they might claim that the trademark conflicts with their rights or does not meet the legal requirements.


The TPTO will review the opposition and, if necessary, request additional information or evidence from the parties involved. After considering all the relevant information, the TPTO will decide whether the trademark can be registered.


It is important to note that the opposition process can be complex and time-consuming, and it is recommended to seek the advice of a qualified trademark attorney or agent to protect your rights.

6. Costs of trademark registration in Turkey


Government fees of trademark registration in Turkey:



  • first class

380 liras

  • subsequent classes   

380 liras


1,020 liras  

Priority claim

420 liras


905 liras


1,330 liras

Third-party opposition

250 liras


  • Timely

1,280 liras

  • Late

2,505 liras


The cost of trademark registration in Turkey via the iPNOTE platform starts from as low as $250, which covers all official fees as well as document preparation. Search for the best Turkish trademark attorney on iPNOTE.

7. Final thoughts


Trademark registration in Turkey is a valuable investment for businesses and individuals looking to protect their brand and intellectual property. By registering a trademark, you can secure your rights to use your brand name and logo and prevent others from using similar marks that could confuse consumers. 




The iPNOTE platform features more than 700 IP law firms that cover more than 150 countries, so you can always find the right direct service provider using our flexible filtering system.


Look at our directory of trademark attorneys in Turkey.  


Sign up for free, and we’ll help you solve any IP-related problem. 

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