In recent years, Iran has emerged as a lucrative market for businesses, offering a range of opportunities for growth and expansion. Among many things to consider, trademark registration is crucial to protecting your brand in this emerging market.
Registering a trademark in Iran can be a complex and time-consuming process, but with the proper guidance, it can be completed efficiently. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of the trademark registration process in Iran, including the requirements, procedures, and tips for a successful application.
1. What can be registered as a trademark in Iran?
Trademarks must be capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one company from those of others and must not be contrary to public order or morality.
In Iran, the following items can be registered as trademarks:
- Words (including personal names and trade names)
- Graphics or illustrations
- Shapes (of products or packaging)
Another key requirement for trademark registration is an accurate classification of goods and services. This classification is based on the International Classification of Goods and Services, a widely accepted system that ensures consistent trademark registration worldwide. Be aware that you cannot register a trademark for alcoholic products in Iran (class 33 of the Nice Classification).
You can also file a multi-class trademark application, which allows you to associate your trademark with multiple classes. However, an additional fee will be charged for each additional class. This protects your brand by enabling you to secure your trademark across multiple goods or services.
2. Why can you be refused to register a trademark in Iran?
You may face a trademark registration denial in Iran for both absolute and relative grounds. Absolute reasons are based on objective criteria, while relative grounds consider the potential for confusion between the proposed trademark and an existing one.
Relative grounds for refusal include:
- the trademark is identical, confusingly similar or is a translation of a mark or trade name that is well known in Iran for similar goods/services of another person;
- if an identical or similar trademark has already been registered or is widely known for goods/services that are not similar;
- if the trademark is identical to one that has already been registered by another owner for similar goods/services and was filed or had priority earlier.
- if the trademark is not capable of distinguishing the goods/services of one company from those of another;
- if it is contrary to the Shariah, public order or morality;
- if it is likely to mislead the public, in particular concerning the geographical origin of the goods/services or their characteristics;
- if it is identical to, is an imitation of, or contains as an element of a coat of arms, flag or other emblems, name, abbreviation or initials, official mark or branding adopted by any state, intergovernmental organization, without the permission of the person/body concerned.
3. The process of trademark registration in Iran
Registering a trademark in Iran involves several steps, including search, application, examination, opposition, and issuance of the certificate.
Before filing a trademark application, it is worth conducting a trademark search to determine if any existing trademarks may conflict with your proposed mark. For example, you can use this online search tool.
The trademark application can be filed online or in person at the Iranian Intellectual Property Office (IIPO). The application must include a clear representation of the trademark and a list of the goods or services it will use.
The IIPO will examine the application to ensure that it meets all the requirements, such as distinctiveness and compliance with public order and morality. If the application is deemed complete, it will be published in the official gazette.The examination process for trademark registration in Iran might take 6 to 10 months.
After publication, third parties have 30 days to file an opposition to the trademark registration. This is an opportunity for any person interested in the trademark to raise objections to its registration.
If no opposition is filed or the opposition is unsuccessful, the IIPO will issue a trademark registration certificate. The trademark registration is valid for 10 years from the filing date and can be renewed for an additional 10-year period.
4. Documents required for the registration of a trademark in Iran
The required documents for trademark registration in Iran vary based on the applicant type and the trademark application’s specifics. However, typically the following documents are required:
- Application (including data about the applicant and the list of goods/services);
- Payment order;
- Copy of the priority application (if applicable);
- Power of attorney (when filing through a representative);
- Documentation proving the applicant’s identity, such as a commercial registration certificate or a passport.
The official application language is Persian, so if your documents are in any other language, you must include a certified translation into Persian.
When claiming priority, you must also provide a certified copy of the priority document with the translation.
5. Trademark opposition process in Iran
The opposition process in Iran is an opportunity for third parties to raise objections to a trademark registration after it has been published by the Iranian Intellectual Property Office (IIPO). The opposition period lasts 30 days after publication and allows anyone interested in the trademark to file an opposition to the registration. It must be filed in writing and specify the grounds for opposing the registration. Then, the applicant must respond to the opposition claim within 20 days of receiving notification. The applicant should address the grounds on which the opposition has been raised.
The IIPO will review the opposition and the response and decide whether to allow or refuse trademark registration. The opposition process can add several months to the overall time of trademark registration, and its outcome can have significant implications for the future use of the trademark.
6. Costs of trademark registration in Iran
Government fees of trademark registration in Iran:
|Fee for private entity||Fee for legal entity|
|200,000 rials||400,000 rials|
|20,000 rials||40,000 rials|
|First publication||5,000 rials per word||10,000 rials per word|
|Priority claim||Free of charge||Free of charge|
|1,200,000 rials||2,400,000 rials|
|100 rials||200 rials|
|Second publication||5,000 rials per word||10,000 rials per word|
|Certificate||15,000 rials||30,000 rials|
|Objection to denial of registration||500,000 rials||750,000 rials|
|Third party objection||1,500,000 rials||3,000,000 rials|
|1,200,000 rials||2,400,000 rials|
|100 rials||200 rials|
|50,000 rials||100,000 rials|
|100,000 rials||200,000 rials|
The cost of trademark registration in Iran via the iPNOTE platform starts from as low as $500, which includes all official fees as well as document preparation. Look for the best Iran trademark attorney on iPNOTE.
7. Final thoughts
Trademark registration in Iran is a complex process that requires careful consideration of the trademark representation, the goods or services it will be used for, and the requirements of the Iranian Intellectual Property Office. To ensure the success of a trademark registration in Iran, it is recommended to seek the assistance of a knowledgeable trademark attorney who can guide you through the process and help you avoid any potential issues.
The iPNOTE platform features more than 700 IP law firms that cover more than 150 countries, so you can always find the right direct service provider using our flexible filtering system.
Look at our directory of trademark attorneys in Iran.
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