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Vietnam’s Patent Registration System: Key Considerations for International Applicants

In today’s globalized economy, protecting intellectual property (IP) is crucial for businesses to thrive and remain competitive. Vietnam, with its rapidly growing economy and increasing innovation, has become an attractive destination for companies seeking to secure their patents. Patent registration in Vietnam offers legal protection and exclusive rights over inventions, providing a solid foundation for businesses to grow and succeed in this dynamic market.

Contents

 

1. What can be registered as a patent in Vietnam?

2. Reasons for refusal of a patent application in Vietnam

3. The process of patent registration in Vietnam

4. Documents required for patent registration in Vietnam

5. Patent opposition process in Vietnam

6. Patent costs in Vietnam

7. Why file a patent in Vietnam?

8. Final thoughts

1. What can be registered as a patent in Vietnam?


In Vietnam, patents can be granted for inventions that are new, involve an inventive step, and are capable of industrial application. This includes products, processes, or improvements thereof that bring about technical solutions to specific problems. Examples of patentable subject matter include mechanical devices, chemical compositions, software algorithms, and medical treatments.

2. Reasons for refusal of a patent application in Vietnam


While Vietnam encourages innovation and patent protection, there are certain grounds for refusal that applicants should be aware of. A patent application may be rejected if the invention lacks novelty or inventive step, is contrary to public order or morality, or falls under excluded subject matter such as scientific theories, mathematical methods, and plant or animal varieties. It is essential to ensure that your invention meets the necessary criteria before proceeding with the application.

3. The process of patent registration in Vietnam

 

The patent registration process in Vietnam typically involves the following steps:

 

Filing: Applicants must submit a patent application to the National Office of Intellectual Property (NOIP) in Vietnam. The application should include a request for grant, description of the invention, claims, abstract, drawings (if applicable), and any necessary forms or documents. Before proceeding with the filing step, conduct a patentability search with our AI tool for free

 

Examination: The NOIP conducts a formal examination to check if the application meets the required formalities. If any deficiencies are identified, applicants are given an opportunity to rectify them within a specified period.

 

Substantive Examination: Once the formal examination is complete, the application undergoes a substantive examination to assess the patentability of the invention. This examination includes an assessment of novelty, inventive step, and industrial applicability.

 

Grant and Publication: If the application meets all requirements, the NOIP grants the patent and publishes the details in the Official Gazette of Industrial Property. The patent owner then receives a patent certificate, providing exclusive rights over the invention for a specified period.

4. Documents required for patent registration in Vietnam

 

To register a patent in Vietnam, applicants must provide the following documents:

 

  • A completed application form
  • A description of the invention
  • Claims defining the scope of protection sought
  • Abstract of the invention
  • Drawings (if applicable)
  • Power of Attorney (if using an agent)
  • Priority documents (if claiming priority)
  • Assignment documents (if applicable)

 

It is advisable to seek professional assistance to ensure accurate and complete documentation. Also read about required documents for patent registration in Malaysia.

5. Patent opposition process in Vietnam


In Vietnam, third parties have the opportunity to oppose a patent application after its publication in the Official Gazette. The opposition period is 60 days from the publication date. Oppositions can be based on grounds such as lack of novelty, inventive step, or industrial applicability. The NOIP examines the opposition and may decide to maintain, amend, or revoke the granted patent based on its findings.

6. Patent costs in Vietnam

 

The cost of patent registration in Vietnam varies depending on various factors such as the complexity of the invention, the number of claims. The minimum costs are as follows:

 

Filing stage:

Professional fee$130
Government fee$12


Examination stage: 

Professional fee$130
Government fee$66


Granting stage: 

Professional fee$130
Government fee$43

 

The cost of a patent registration in Vietnam through the iPNOTE platform starts as low as $511, which includes all government fees and document preparation. Find the best IP attorney in Vietnam on iPNOTE.

7. Why file a patent in Vietnam?

 

According to the National Office of Intellectual Property, the number of patent applications filed in Vietnam has been steadily increasing over the years. In 2020 alone, there were approximately 14,000 patent applications filed, reflecting a significant rise in innovation and interest in IP protection within the country. This surge in patent registrations highlights the growing importance of intellectual property rights in Vietnam’s evolving economy.

 

Filing a patent in Vietnam offers several advantages for businesses and inventors:

 

  • Protection: A granted patent provides exclusive rights, allowing the patent owner to prevent others from making, using, or selling the patented invention without permission.
  • Market Access: Vietnam is one of the fastest-growing economies in Southeast Asia, offering immense business opportunities. A patent can provide a competitive edge and attract potential investors or partners.
  • Enforcement: Registering a patent in Vietnam strengthens the legal position and facilitates enforcement actions against infringers, ensuring the inventor’s rights are protected.
  • International Recognition: Vietnam is a signatory to various international IP agreements, including the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). This allows applicants to extend their patent protection internationally.

8. Final thoughts

 

Patent registration in Vietnam is a vital step for businesses and inventors seeking to protect their innovations and establish a strong foothold in this thriving market. With its strong legal framework and increasing recognition of IP rights, Vietnam offers an attractive destination for patent registration and protection. Seeking professional advice and assistance from IP experts or law firms is highly recommended to ensure a smooth and successful patent registration journey.

 

***

 

The iPNOTE platform features more than 700 IP law firms that cover more than 150 countries, so you can always find the right direct service provider using our flexible filtering system.

 

Conduct a free patent search with our AI tool. 

 

Use our AI Assistant to  register your patent in Vietnam.

 

Sign up for free, and we’ll help you solve any IP-related problem.

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